Once thought of as a disease from the 80s, the upward trend of HIV incidence rates has brought the spotlight back on HIV and AIDS. HIV infection is the presence of human immunode¬ ciency virus in a patient regardless of the stage of disease. AIDS is an advanced form of HIV infection based on certain criteria. HIV is transmitted in three main ways: sexual contact; transmission through blood; and, transmission from pregnant mother to child. Prevention of transmission can be achieved by consistent use of condoms for sexual intercourse, abstinence or delaying intercourse for
young people, sex education on Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and HIV prevention, and clean needle programs for injection drug users.